Synthesis and Studies of Glucosamine Conjugated BF2 -Oxasmaragdyrin


Kandala Laxman, B. Pradeep K. Reddy, Andrea Robinson, Rohit Srivastava, Mangalampalli Ravikanth

Published ChemistrySelect
Graphical abstract

A value addition to the existing NIR fluorescence imaging agents has been synthesized in the form of glucosamine conjugated BF2-oxasmaragdyrin by treating mesop-carboxyphenyl BF2-oxasmaragdyrin with 6-amine-6-deoxy-1-O-Boc-2-N-Boc-β-D-glucosamine in the presence of HBTU. The glucosamine conjugated BF2-oxasmaragdyrin was thoroughly characterized by HRMS, 1D, and 2D NMR spectroscopy. The photophysical studies revealed that the conjugates are highly stable, absorb in visible- far-red region (400-700 nm) and emits in far-red region (715 nm) with moderate quantum yields. The electrochemical studies showed that the molecules are stable under redox conditions with one reversible reduction and three reversible oxidations. The glucosamine conjugated BF2-oxasmaragdyrin was found to be highly biocompatible with good cellular uptake in L929 and MDA-MB-231 cells.


K. Laxman, B. P. K. Reddy, A. Robinson, R. Srivastava, M. Ravikanth, “Synthesis and Studies of Glucosamine Conjugated BF 2 -Oxasmaragdyrin”, ChemistrySelect, 2020, 5(3), 938–943



BF2-Oxasmaragdyrin, Covalent conjugates, Glucosamine, Macrocycles, NIR fluorescence

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